Preventive & Wellness Care

Vaccinations

Vaccinations

Rabies

The Rabies vaccine is considered a core dog vaccine. Rabies is 100% fatal to dogs, with no treatment available. Prevention is key: Puppies at or under 16 weeks should receive a single dose initial vaccination as early as 3 months of age, protecting their health for 1 year. States regulate the age at which it is first administered.


Starting one year after the initial vaccination, dogs should begin receiving regular boosters every 3 years.


Distemper

The Distemper vaccine is considered a core dog vaccine. Caused by an airborne virus, Distemper is a severe disease that, among other problems, may cause permanent brain damage.


Puppies at or under 16 weeks should receive at least 3 doses, given between 6 and 16 weeks of age.


Puppies need a booster 1 year after completing their initial series, then all dogs need a booster every 3 years or more often.



Parvovirus

The Parvovirus vaccine is considered a core dog vaccine. Canine "parvo" is contagious, and can cause severe vomiting and bloody diarrhea. Parvo is usually fatal if untreated.


Puppies at or under 16 weeks should receive at least 3 doses, given between 6 and 16 weeks of age.


Puppies need a booster 1 year after completing the initial series, then all dogs need a booster every 3 years or more often.



Adenovirus – Type 1 (CAV-1, Canine Hepatitis)

The Type 1 Adenovirus vaccine is considered a core dog vaccine. Canine "parvo" is contagious, and can cause severe vomiting and bloody diarrhea. Parvo is usually fatal if untreated.


Puppies at or under 16 weeks should receive at least 3 doses, given between 6 and 16 weeks of age.


Puppies need a booster 1 year after completing the initial series, then all dogs need a booster every 3 years or more often.


Adenovirus – Type 2 (CAV-2, Kennel Cough)

The Type 2 Adenovirus vaccine is considered a core dog vaccine. Type 2 Adenovirus is spread via coughs and sneezes.


Puppies at or under 16 weeks should receive at least 3 doses, given between 6 and 16 weeks of age.


Puppies need a booster 1 year after completing the initial series, then all dogs need a booster every 3 years or more often.


Parainfluenza

The Parainfluenza vaccine is considered a non-core dog vaccine. Parainfluenza infection (not the same as canine influenza) results in cough & fever. It may be associated with Bordetella infection.


For Puppies at or under 16 weeks, the vaccine should be administered at 6-8 weeks of age, then every 3-4 weeks until 12-14 weeks old.


A booster may be necessary after 1 year, depending on manufacturer recommendations; revaccination every 3 years is considered protective.


Bordatella Bronchiseptica (Kennel Cough)

The Bordetella vaccine is considered a non-core dog vaccine. Bordetella is not usually a serious condition, although it can be dangerous in young puppies. It is usually seen after activities like boarding or showing.


For Puppies at or under 16 weeks, administration depends on the vaccine type; 2 doses are usually needed for protection.


Annual or 6-month boosters may be recommended for dogs in high-risk environments.


Lyme Disease

The Lyme Disease vaccine is considered a non-core dog vaccine. This vaccine is generally recommended only for dogs with a high risk for exposure to Lyme disease-carrying ticks.


Puppies at or under 16 weeks, should receive 1 dose, administered as early as 9 weeks, with a second dose 2-4 weeks later.


Boosters may be needed annually, prior to the start of tick season.


Leptospirosis

The Leptospirosis vaccine is considered a non-core dog vaccine. Vaccination is generally restricted to established risk areas. Exposure to rodents and standing water can lead to a leptospirosis infection.


Puppies at or under 16 weeks, should receive a last dose at 12 weeks.


Boosters should be administered at least once yearly for dogs in high-risk areas.


Canine Influenza


The Canine Influenza vaccine is considered a non-core dog vaccine. Canine Influenza is not usually a serious condition, although it can be dangerous in young puppies.


For Puppies at or under 16 weeks, the first dose should be administered as early as 6-8 weeks, followed by a second dose 2-4 weeks later.


Boosters should be administered yearly.